Hallux Valgus or bunions, as it is more commonly called is simply a misaligned great toe pointing towards the second toe of the foot (often seen as a swollen bump on the joint of the big toe). The condition is common and tends to affect women more compared to men. This gender bias could be attributed to the fact that Bunions form due to frequent use of narrow toed high heeled shoes. Another cause of bunions is “familial genetics” relating to incorrect foot biomechanics.
Bunions are treated conservatively by wearing specialty wide-toed shoes and using spacers to separate the great toe from the second toe.